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Ka Huaka‘i

Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment
Recommended Citation: Kanaʻiaupuni, Shawn Malia, Wendy M. Kekahio, Kā‘eo Duarte, and Brandon C. Ledward, with Sierra Malia Fox and Jenna T. Caparoso. 2021. Ka Huaka‘i: 2021 Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment. Honolulu: Kamehameha Publishing.
Published by Kamehameha Publishing
Hard copies of Ka Huakaʻi 2021 are not available at this time.

Ka Huaka‘i 2021 is a centerpiece of Kamehameha Schools' publications on Native Hawaiian education and well-being.

As an example of ʻŌiwi scholarship, this volume contextualizes recent research and data using the “Pua Model” to examine Native Hawaiian strengths and well-being in multiple dimensions: social, physical, educational, material/economic, and spiritual/emotional. ‘Ike is presented at the macro level—for the lāhui and Ka Pae ‘Āina Hawai‘i—and by specific regions and age groups.

Findings point to both positive gains and persistent challenges for Kānaka Maoli, highlighting the importance of Hawaiian culture-based education as a pathway for learners to build a bright future for generations to come.

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The journey to document the educational status and well-being of Native Hawaiians began with the Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment in 1983 and 1993, followed by Ka Huaka‘i 2005 and 2014. Collectively, these studies demonstrate Native Hawaiian resilience and also highlight ongoing disparities between Native Hawaiian well-being and that of other ethnic groups in Hawai‘i.

See and for more resources on Native Hawaiian well-being.

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