On January 17, in the year 1893, the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi was illegally overthrown. Click on the link below to read an account of the events leading up to the overthrow as reported by the KS Ho‘okahua Cultural Vibrancy Group staff.
Contributed by Nadine Lagaso
Hoʻōla Lāhui – Revitalizing the Hawaiian People – is a Kamehameha Schools cultural principle that provides opportunities for employees, haumāna and ʻohana to learn about and cultivate Hawaiian identity, history and culture, and the Hawaiian Experience. The mo‘olelo below is one such opportunity.
On January 17, in the year 1893, the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi was illegally overthrown.
The following remembrance recorded by Johanna Wilcox speaks of the overwhelming sadness felt by the population after the overthrow and annexation of Hawaiʻi to the United States of America.
“I was born a citizen of the Republic of Hawaiʻi in this City of Honolulu on Feb. 18, 1898. Six months later, on Aug. 12, 1898, Hawaiʻi became a Territory of the United States by annexation, at a formal noontime ceremony held in front of ʻIolani Palace. My mother and father and most Hawaiians stayed away from that heart-breaking ceremony.
“An interesting incident took place shortly before the changeover. Several members of the Royal Hawaiian Band were so disturbed and unhappy that they hurriedly left the scene crying unashamedly when it was time to lower the flag of Hawaii. The sympathetic German bandmaster, Captain Henri Berger, understood their feelings and so did not attempt to stop them. So, only a part of the membership of the Royal Hawaiian Band remained to play the national anthem “Hawaiʻi Ponoʻī” when Hawaiʻi’s flag was hauled down. The “Stars and Stripes” were then raised over ʻIolani Palace; a 21-gun salute was fired, while the band from an American warship played “The Star Spangled Banner.” An event of this magnitude would ordinarily call for gala celebrations that night. However, there were no celebrations as there was too much sadness, too much bitterness and resentment prevalent in the atmosphere and the authorities were afraid of riots by the unhappy frustrated Hawaiians...”
Read about the events leading up to the overthrow here.
Strategic Plan 2020
SP2020 is a five-year strategic plan that will guide Kamehameha Schools from 2015 to 2020. The plan marks a starting point toward KS’ Vision 2040, which envisions success for all Native Hawaiian learners.
This story addresses Goal 3 of SP2020 which calls for KS to cultivate a Native Hawaiian identity within its learners. It also supports Action 5 of Kamehameha’s Ten Actions for fiscal year 2017, calling for KS to integrate cultural principles system-wide.