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Sixty KS students, ten staff member and several Polynesian Voyaging Society representatives travel to Aotearoa..for the bicentennial of the British arrival and the 15oth anniversary of the Treaty of Waitangi. He Aha Ka Meahou Ma Kamehameha, Winter 1990.

Kamehameha Schools holds its first annual alumni week on campus June 11-17.

Kamehameha Schools operates four post-high programs, three funded by KSBE and two funded by the U.S. government. He Aha Ka Meahou Ma Kamehameha, Summer 1990

Shopping Centers fund KS programs: KS owns the land under– Windward, Kahala, and Pearlridge Malls, Kamehameha, Hawaii Kai, Koko Marina, and Kaneohe Bay Shopping Centers, Puck’s Alley, and Dillingham Plaza. The Royal Hawaiian Shopping Center and Keauhou Village Shopping Center are owned AND managed by KSBE.


Judge DAVID ALLEN EZRA ruled that Bill 81 passed by the Honolulu City Council in 1990 was unconstitutional. The bill would impose a maximum ceiling on renegotiated lease rents for residential condominiums in Honolulu. KS/BE owns 114 condominium projects. The judge reasoned that the bill would not lower the cost of leasehold housing and was an unfair regulation of private property.

Kahu David Kaupu KSB ’51 (seen at right), Kapalama Campus Chaplain and Pastor of Bishop Memorial Chapel, wants students to acquire positive Hawaiian and Christian values. The new chapel itself reflects a blend of Hawaiian and Christian elements and symbols.

KS/BE returns to a selective admissions policy rather than a random selection policy for children applying to kindergarten. Admissions policies remain controversial. He Aha Ka Meahou Ma Kamehameha, Spring 1991, p. 4

...KS/BE operates about 50 community and early education programs in 115 communities statewide. He Aha Ka Meahou Ma Kamehameha, Spring 1991, p. 3


Kamehameha Schools opens an archive in Midkiff Learning Center in response to the upcoming centennial of the opening of Kamehameha School for Girls in 1894. Janet Zisk, Canadian, is hired as the first archivist.

All male freshmen and sophomores are required to enroll in one semester rather than a full year of J.R.O.T.C. From Ka Mo‘i, April 29, 1992

He Aha Ka Meahou becomes IMUA, the quarterly magazine. The intent: to share news of Kamehameha Schools / Bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate with the KS/BE ‘ohana–alumni, students, parents, staff and friends. Imua, Spring 1992.

Haumana wear school uniforms. Boys have navy blue pleated twill pants or walking shorts and sky blue, royal blue or white polo shirts. Girls have the same colored shirts, jumper, culottes, pleated pants or walking shorts. Imua, Fall 1992.

KS/BE invests $250 million in Goldman Sachs Group, L.P. KS/BE invests in land, and commercial property in Hawai‘i, and the U.S mainland and in financial investments in the U.S. mainland and abroad. Imua, Fall 1992.


Marion May Lokelani Maples Lindsay becomes a Bishop Estate Trustee. The first woman appointee, her fellow trustees give her carte blanche as the Education and Communications lead trustee.

Richard “Dickie” Sung Hong Wong becomes the 29th KS/BE Trustee.

A December 16 memo removes the slash (/) from Kamehameha Schools/ Bishop Estate (KS/BE) to Kamehameha Schools Bishop Estate (KSBE).


Kamehameha School for Girls celebrates its centennial.
Opening date: November 12, 1894
Dedication date: December 19, 1894

GERARD AULAMA JERVIS becomes Trustee (November 25, 1994-August 20, 1999) replacing retiring Trustee Myron Thompson. Imua, Winter 1994

The new trustees initiate expansion programs:

  • New elementary schools on Maui and Hawai‘i Island
  • 12 new preschool classrooms
  • 6 additional reading teachers
  • KSPD do not take tests to enter middle school

ROCKNE FREITAS KSB 1963, former NFL pro and UHM VP of University Relations, is the new Vice President of KS/BE. Imua, Fall 1995 Trustee LINDSEY empowers him to run the Schools relegating President CHUN to curriculum and planning. Broken Trust by Samuel P. King & Randall W. Roth, 111

Trustee LINDSEY and her Hawaiian Language Committee intrude upon the teaching and use of the Hawaiian language by Hawaiian language teachers at Kapālama.

Trustee LINDSEY contracts with Educational Management Group (EMG) to use their proprietary software and curriculum which is rejected by teachers as unsuitable. Before the contract is terminated, KS/BE spends about $6 million. Broken Trust by Samuel P. King & Randall W. Roth, 115-11

Trustees approve Trustee Lindsay’s consultant recommendations called Go Forward to build 2 new schools and fund them by closing popular extension programs. Trustee Oswald Stender argues too late that extension programs could be retained. Results: 14% of the workforce is terminated and institutional morale declines.

Against the advice of the School’s librarians, Trustee Lindsey wins the approval of other Trustees, except Oswald Stender, to purchase Robert Van Dyke’s Collection for $425,000. More money and years are spent to process a resource collection of limited use to the Schools.

Hōkūle‘a and Hawai‘iloa visit indigenous people along the North American west coast. Crew members include Gordon Pi‘ianaia KSB ’58, Laulima Lyman, KSK ’97, Ku‘ulei Ihara, KSG ’41, Jason Kekoa Ho KSK ’95, Melvin Paoa, KSK ’71. Imua, Fall 1995


September– K-8 schools planned on Maui and Hawai’i islands open with grades K-3 and add a grade each year. Cordy Maclaughlin is principal of Kamehameha Schools-Maui at Pukalani. Barbara Robertson opens the Hawai‘i campus at Kea‘au.

Hawaiian values are incorporated into the KSBE mission statement:

  • ‘Imii ‘Ike – to seek knowledge
  • Laulima – to work cooperatively
  • Lokomaika‘i – to be kind and generous
  • Na‘au Pono – to have a deep sense of justice
  • Mālama – to care for each other
  • Ha‘aha‘a – to be humble


Conflict erupts between Trustees and Kapālama Campus personnel over Trustee Lindsey’s management of, and involvement in, the campus.

1997 “Broken Trust” newspaper articles lead to the investigation of Bishop Estate Trustees.