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Culture-based Education Research Resources

Culture-based education (CBE), and more specifically Hawaiian culture-based education (HCBE), is a key lever to achieving Kamehameha School’s (KS) Vision 2040 of a thriving lāhui. We believe that HCBE instills confidence and resiliency in Native Hawaiian learners to improve the well-being of the lāhui. An HCBE system engages Native Hawaiian learners to reach positive socio-emotional and academic outcomes. For that reason, KS is committed to creating and promoting an HCBE system where all students, Native Hawaiian learners in particular, will thrive and reach their full potential.

What is Culture-Based Education? 

CBE is grounded in the foundational values, norms, knowledge, beliefs, practices, experiences, and language of a(n indigenous) culture. It “places significance on Native language; place-based, and experiential learning, cultural identity; holistic well-being; and personal connections and belonging to family, community, and ancestors” (Alcantara, Keahiolalo, and Peirce, 2016). The literature base for CBE describes five basic elements that comprise this approach: Language, Family & Community, Context, Content, and Data & Accountability.

What is Hawaiian Culture-Based Education? 

In HCBE, the five elements of CBE are applied specifically from a Native Hawaiian perspective. For example, HCBE practitioners strive to incorporate ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi (Hawaiian language) in the classroom and involve family and community in the development of Hawaiian-centered curricula relevant to learners. By sustaining the values, traditions, and language of Hawaiʻi through HCBE, we hope to see Native Hawaiians grow in success and contribute to their communities both locally and globally.

Culture-Based Education Resource Collection

This HCBE collection includes exclusively research-focused resources that explore CBE and HCBE in varying contexts. Users should make their own assessments of the quality of the data from these sources. It is our hope that these resources will support your journey to ʻimi naʻauao, or seek wisdom, that would strengthen the lāhui.

If you would like a research study to be included in this collection, please email us at

Search our collection using the filters below to narrow results. You may select multiple filters.

Other criteria:
Type(s): [X] Dissertation   [X] Report  

Title Author(s) Year Age band
Ho‘omau i nā ōpio: Field-test findings of the nā ‘ōpio: Youth development and assessment survey Katherine Tibbets, Shawna Medeiros, and Jacqueline Ng-Osorio 2009 K-12
Hoʻomau i nā ʻŌpio Field-Test Findings from the 2008 Pilot-Test of the Nā ʻŌpio Youth Development and Assests Survey Katherine Tibbets and Shawna Medeiros 2008 K-12
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): School Engagement among Hawaiian Students Brennan Takayama and Brandon Ledward 2009 K-12
Kū i Ke Ao: Hawaiian Cultural Identity and Student Progress at Kamehameha Elementary School Robert Holoua Stender 2010 K-12
Aloha Counts: Census 2000 special tabulations for Native Hawaiians Kamehameha Schools 2003 General
A Native Hawaiian Focus on the Hawaiʻi Public School System, SY2015 Office of Hawaiian Affairs 2017 K-12
The Effects of a Hawaiian Language Immersion Program on Student and Family Development Rebecca J.I. Luning 2007 K-12
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): Culture-Based Education among Hawai‘i Teachers Brandon Ledward, Brennan Takayama, and Kristin Elia 2009 General
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): Community Attachment and Giveback among Hawaiian Students Brandon Ledward and Brennan Takayama 2009 K-12
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): Cultural Knowledge and Practice among Hawaiian Students Brandon Ledward and Brennan Takayama 2009 K-12
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): 'Ohana and Community Integration in Culture-Based Education Brandon Ledward, Brennan Takayama, and Walter Kahumoku, III 2008 General
Ho‘opilina Kumu: Culture-Based Education among Hawai‘i Teachers Brandon Ledward, Brennan Takayama, and Kristin Elia 2009 General
Ka Huaka‘i: 2005 Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni, Nolan Malone, and Koren Ishibashi 2005 General
Hawaiʻi Charter Schools: Initial Trends and Select Outcomes for Native Hawaiian Students Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni and Koren Ishibashi 2005 K-12
Left Behind? The Status of Hawaiian Students in Hawaiʻi Public School Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni and Koren Ishibashi 2003 K-12
Native Hawaiian Educational Assessment Update 2009: A Supplement to Ka Huakaʻi 2005 Kamehameha Schools 2009 General
E nānā i ke kumu. A Look at the Teacher: A study of the essential competencies of a Pūnana Leo teacher Noelani Iokepa-Guerrero 2004 General
A Review of the Research Literature on the Influences of Culturally Based Education on the Academic Performance of Native American Students William Demmert Jr. and John C. Towner 2003 General
Improving academic performance among Native American students: A review of research literature. William Demmert Jr. 2003 General
Initial psychometric validation of he ana mana‘o o nā mo‘omeheu Hawai‘i: A Hawaiian ethnocultural inventory (HEI) of cultural practices Kamanaʻopono Crabbe 2002 General

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