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Culture-based Education Research Resources

Culture-based education (CBE), and more specifically Hawaiian culture-based education (HCBE), is a key lever to achieving Kamehameha School’s (KS) Vision 2040 of a thriving lāhui. We believe that HCBE instills confidence and resiliency in Native Hawaiian learners to improve the well-being of the lāhui. An HCBE system engages Native Hawaiian learners to reach positive socio-emotional and academic outcomes. For that reason, KS is committed to creating and promoting an HCBE system where all students, Native Hawaiian learners in particular, will thrive and reach their full potential.

What is Culture-Based Education? 

CBE is grounded in the foundational values, norms, knowledge, beliefs, practices, experiences, and language of a(n indigenous) culture. It “places significance on Native language; place-based, and experiential learning, cultural identity; holistic well-being; and personal connections and belonging to family, community, and ancestors” (Alcantara, Keahiolalo, and Peirce, 2016). The literature base for CBE describes five basic elements that comprise this approach: Language, Family & Community, Context, Content, and Data & Accountability.

What is Hawaiian Culture-Based Education? 

In HCBE, the five elements of CBE are applied specifically from a Native Hawaiian perspective. For example, HCBE practitioners strive to incorporate ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi (Hawaiian language) in the classroom and involve family and community in the development of Hawaiian-centered curricula relevant to learners. By sustaining the values, traditions, and language of Hawaiʻi through HCBE, we hope to see Native Hawaiians grow in success and contribute to their communities both locally and globally.

Culture-Based Education Resource Collection

This HCBE collection includes exclusively research-focused resources that explore CBE and HCBE in varying contexts. Users should make their own assessments of the quality of the data from these sources. It is our hope that these resources will support your journey to ʻimi naʻauao, or seek wisdom, that would strengthen the lāhui.

If you would like a research study to be included in this collection, please email us at strategy.innovation@ksbe.edu.



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Other criteria:
Topic(s): [X] Learner Outcomes  


Title Author(s) Year Age band
Mohala i ka wai: Cultural Advantage as a Framework for Indigenous Culture-Based Education and Student Outcomes Shawn M. Kanaiaupuni, Brandon Ledward, and Nolan Malone 2017 K-12
Use of Native Language and Culture (NLC) in Elementary and Middle School Instruction as a Predictor of Mathematics Achievement Mark J. Van Ryzin and Claudia G. Vincent 2017 K-12
Family Involvement in a Hawaiian Language Immersion Program Lois A. Yamauchi, Jo-Anne Lau-Smith, and Rebecca J.I. Luning 2008 K-12
Ho‘omau i nā ōpio: Field-test findings of the nā ‘ōpio: Youth development and assessment survey Katherine Tibbets, Shawna Medeiros, and Jacqueline Ng-Osorio 2009 K-12
Hoʻomau i nā ʻŌpio Field-Test Findings from the 2008 Pilot-Test of the Nā ʻŌpio Youth Development and Assests Survey Katherine Tibbets and Shawna Medeiros 2008 K-12
Education with Aloha and Student Assets Katherine Tibbets, Kū Kahakalau, and Zanette Johnson 2007 K-12
Education and Native Hawaiian Children: Revisiting KEEP Roland G. Tharp, Cathie Jordan, Gisela E. Speidel, Kathryn Hu-Pei Au, Thomas W. Klein, Roderick P. Calkin, Kim C.M. Sloat, and Ronald Gallimore 2007 K-12
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): School Engagement among Hawaiian Students Brennan Takayama and Brandon Ledward 2009 K-12
Academic Achievement Across School Types in Hawaiʻi: Outcomes for Hawaiian and non-Hawaiian students in conventional public schools, western-focused charters, and Hawaiian language and culture-based schools Brennan Takayama 2008 K-12
Culturally Based Math Education as a Way to Improve Alaska Native Students’ Math Performance Jerry Lipka and Barbara Adams 2004 K-12
Kū i Ke Ao: Hawaiian Cultural Identity and Student Progress at Kamehameha Elementary School Robert Holoua Stender 2010 K-12
Triarchically-Based Instruction and Assessment of Sixth-Grade Mathematics in a Yup'ik Cultural Setting in Alaska Robert J. Sternberg, Jerry Lipka, Tina Newman, Sandra Wildfeuer, and Elena L. Grigorenko 2005 K-12
Constant Perimeter, Varying Area: A Case Study of Teaching and Learning Mathematics to Design a Fish Rack Anthony Rickard 2005 K-12
An Exploratory Study of Cultural Identity and Culture-Based Educational Program for Urban American Indian Students Kristin M. Powers 2006 K-12
Aloha Counts: Census 2000 special tabulations for Native Hawaiians Kamehameha Schools 2003 General
A Native Hawaiian Focus on the Hawaiʻi Public School System, SY2015 Office of Hawaiian Affairs 2017 K-12
The Influences of Indigenous Heritage Language Education on Students and Families in a Hawaiian Language Immersion Program Rebecca J. I. Luning and Lois A. Yamauchi 2010 General
The Effects of a Hawaiian Language Immersion Program on Student and Family Development Rebecca J.I. Luning 2007 K-12
Hawaiian Cultural Influences in Education (HCIE): Community Attachment and Giveback among Hawaiian Students Brandon Ledward and Brennan Takayama 2009 K-12
Ho‘opilina Kumu: Culture-Based Education among Hawai‘i Teachers Brandon Ledward, Brennan Takayama, and Kristin Elia 2009 General
Native Hawaiians in Public Schools: Implications of AYP Status in Predominantly Native Hawaiian Schools Wendy Kekahio 2007 K-12
Culture-Based Education and Its Relationship to Student Outcomes Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni, Brandon Ledward, and ʻUmi Jensen 2013 K-12
Hawaiʻi Charter Schools: Initial Trends and Select Outcomes for Native Hawaiian Students Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni and Koren Ishibashi 2005 K-12
Left Behind? The Status of Hawaiian Students in Hawaiʻi Public School Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni and Koren Ishibashi 2003 K-12
He Pūkoʻa Kani ʻĀina: Mapping Student Growth in Hawaiian-Focused Charter School Shawn M. Kanaʻiaupuni 2008 K-12

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